1 a garment of cloth or leather or plastic that is tied about the waist and worn to protect your clothing
2 (golf) the part of the fairway leading onto the green
3 the part of a modern theater stage between the curtain and the orchestra (i.e., in front of the curtain) [syn: proscenium, forestage]
4 a paved surface where aircraft stand while not being used
- Breton: tavañjer -ioù p (1)
- Catalan: davantal (1)
- Cherokee: ᎠᏤᏌᏙ (atsesado) (1)
- Chinese: 围裙 (wéiqún) (1)
- Dutch: schort (1)
- Finnish: esiliina (1), essu (1, colloquial)
- West Frisian: skelk (1)
- French: tablier (1)
- German: Schürze (1), Vorfeld (2)
- Greek: ποδιά (1)
- Ido: avantalo
- Italian: grembiule (1)
- Japanese: エプロン (epuron) (1)
- Korean: 앞치마 (apchima) (1)
- Kurdish: , ,
- Portuguese: avental (1)
- Romanian: sort
- Spanish: delantal (1)
- Swedish: förkläde (1)
An apron is an outer protective garment that covers primarily the front of the body. It may be worn for hygienic reasons as well as in order to protect clothes from wear and tear. The apron is commonly part of the uniform of several work categories, including waitresses, nurses, and domestic workers. Many homemakers also wear them. It is also worn as a decorative garment by women. Aprons are also worn in many commercial establishments to protect workers clothes from damage, mainly bib aprons, but also others such as farrier aprons.
In addition to cloth, aprons can be made from a variety of materials. Rubber aprons are commonly used by persons working with dangerous chemicals, and lead aprons are commonly worn by persons such as X-ray technicians who work near radiation. Aprons, such as those used by carpenters, may have many pockets to hold tools. Waterproof household aprons, made of oilcloth or PVC are suitable for cooking and washing dishes.
The word apron is from the metanalysis of the term "a napron" as "an apron". The original spelling of napron has been lost.
StylesThere are many different apron styles depending on the purpose of the apron. A basic distinction is between waist aprons which cover the body from the waist down and a bib apron which also covers the upper part of the body.
An apron is usually held in place by two ribbon-like strips of cloth that are tied in the back. A bib apron may either have a strap in around the neck (perhaps the most widespread use today), or shoulder straps that criss-cross in the back and attach to the waistband. The advantage of the former design is that it makes it especially simple to put on the bib apron. The advantage of the shoulder strap design is that it makes the apron more comfortable to wear; a neck strap can slightly impair ease of movement.
Other types of aprons include the pinafore and the cobbler apron. There are also aprons that will cover the sleeves.
Some modern day aprons will have humorous expressions, designs or corporate logos.
Aprons in the homeThe apron was traditionally viewed as an essential garment for anyone doing housework. Cheaper clothes and washing machines made aprons less common beginning in the mid 1960s in some countries such as the United States. However, the practice of wearing aprons remains strong in many places.
Today, the apron has enjoyed a minor renaissance in terms of both women and men now wearing them when performing household chores. For instance, an article in the Wall Street Journal claimed in 2005 that the apron is "enjoying a renaissance as a retro-chic fashion accessory" in the United States. However, it still is not as prevalent as it was prior to the 1960s.
Aprons are nowadays considered equally appropriate for both women and men by most people. However, prevailing social norms ensure that women frequently wear more delicate clothing, and may therefore be more likely to want the protection an apron offers.
When domestic workers are supplied a uniform by their employers, an apron is often included. The aprons are worn for hygienic as well as for identification purposes.
Other meaningsThe term "apron" also refers to an item of clerical clothing, now largely obsolete, worn by Anglican bishops and archdeacons. The clerical apron resembles a short cassock reaching just above the knee, and is coloured black for archdeacons and purple for bishops. The apron is worn with black gaiters, reaching to just below the knee, and black trousers tucked in the gaiters. The history behind the vesture is that it symbolically represents the mobility of bishops and archdeacons, who at one time would ride horses to visit various parts of a diocese or archdeaconry. In this sense, the apparel was much more practical than a clerical cassock would be. In latter years, this vesture was more symbolic than practical, and since the mid-twentieth century it has fallen out of favour.
The term is further used more generally to refer to an expanse surrounding some object; for example, an airport can have a concrete "apron" around it, where planes and other vehicles can move about. The flexible lower container of the air cushion of a hovercraft is also called an apron or skirt.
An apron is another term for linkspan, and is used as a ramp to connect shoreside facilities with a barge or ferry at a ferry slip.
An apron stage is any part of a stage that extends past the proscenium arch and into the audience or seating area.
apron in German: Schürze
apron in Spanish: Delantal
apron in Scottish Gaelic: Aparan
apron in Italian: Grembiule
apron in Hebrew: סינר
apron in Dutch: Schort
apron in Dutch Low Saxon: Schulk
apron in Japanese: エプロン
apron in Polish: Fartuch
apron in Sicilian: Falari
apron in Simple English: Apron
apron in Finnish: Esiliina
apron in Swedish: Förkläde
L, R, acting area, airstrip, apron stage, backstage, band shell, bandstand, bib, board, bridge, clearway, coulisse, dock, dressing room, fairway, flies, flight deck, fly floor, fly gallery, forestage, greenroom, grid, gridiron, landing deck, landing strip, lightboard, orchestra, orchestra pit, performing area, pinafore, pit, proscenium, proscenium stage, runway, shell, smock, stage, stage left, stage right, strip, switchboard, the boards, tucker, wings